Bioassay of the mandibular gland pheromones of Apis florea on the foraging activity of dwarf honey bees

publication date: Jul 11, 2011
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Journal of Apicultural Research
Vol. 50 (3) pp. 212 - 217
DOI
10.3896/IBRA.1.50.3.05
Date
July 2011
Article Title

Bioassay of the mandibular gland pheromones of Apis florea on the foragin activity of dwarf honey bees

Author(s)
Guntima Suwannapong, Mark Eric Benbow, Chanchai Chinokul, Paitoon Seanbualuang and Venkataramegowda Sivaram
Abstract

In this study, we tested the responses (attractiveness or repellence) of two species of dwarf honey bee (Apis andreniformis and Apis florea) foragers to the synthetic mandibular gland pheromones 1-eicosanol, eicosane, heneicosane and 2-heptanol.  The pheromone concentrations were varied from 0.0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 5.0 and 10.0% (v/v) in n-hexane. A. andreniformis foragers were repelled by 5.0% eicosane and 5.0 and 10.0% heptanol, while 0.5 and 1.0% 1-eicosanol, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 5.0 and 10.0% eicosane, 0.5 and 1.0% heneicosane and 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 5.0 and 10.0% 2-heptanol repelled A. florea foragers. A. andreniformis foragers were attracted to 0.1% 1-eicosanol, 10.0% eicosane, 1.0, 5.0 and 10.0% heneicosane and 0.1% 2-heptanol. None of the pheromones were attractive to A. florea foragers

Keywords

Apis andreniformis, Apis florea, mandibular gland pheromones

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