Incidence of the Korean haplotype of Varroa destructor in southwest Nigeria
Kayode L Akinwande, Mosadoluwa A Badejo and Sylvester S Ogbogu
The beekeeping industry in Nigeria is plagued with pests and diseases of honey bees Apis mellifera adansonii (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Among the known parasitic mites of honey bees, the Varroa mite (Acari:Varroidae) has been the most dreaded, posing a worldwide problem. Locally, no literature has reported Varroa in Nigeria, even reports from many international authors including that of Anderson and Trueman (2000) did not list any West African country including Nigeria among the countries that are endemic, although the mite has been found in many countries in the north and south axes of Africa, including Kenya, Egypt and South Africa. De Jong (1984) and many other authors were of the opinion that Varroa mites may be less virulent on African races of Apis mellifera than it is on European races. They believed that mite virulence depends on a number of factors, most importantly the strain of honey bees.