Stonebrood and some other fungi associated with Apis florea in Iran

publication date: Sep 21, 2010
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Journal of Apicultural Research

Vol. 33 (4) pp. 213-218
Date
December 1994
Article Title

Stonebrood and some other fungi associated with Apis florea in Iran

Author(s)
A Auzadeh; M S Mossadegh
Abstract

Combs from 209 colonies of Apis florea were collected in Khuzestan province, south -west Iran, in 1987-92 and examined for fungi. Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, A. fumigatus, Paecilomyces sp., Penicillium sp., and Phoma sp. Were identified. Aspergillus spp., which are known to cause stonebrood in A. mel/ifera, were found frequently associated with drone brood of A.florea and may present a potential threat to this bee. Of the 600 mummies sectioned and examined microscopically, 252 (42%) were infected with A. flavus, 138 (23%) with A. niger, 72 (12%) with A. fumigatus and 102 (17%) with either two or three of these species. The other three species identified were associated with the remaining 36 (6%) of the specimens. This is the first report from Iran of an association of stonebrood-causing fungi with A. florea. The morphological characteristics of the Aspergillus species found are described.

Keywords

honey bees, Apis florea, stonebrood, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus, niger, Aspergillus fumigatus, Penicillium, Paecilomyces, Phoma, Iran

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