Diana Sammataro, Lilia de Guzman, Sherly George, Ron Ochoa and Gard Otis
The honey bee tracheal mite (HBTM) Acarapis woodi (Rennie) (Acari: Tarsonemidae) is an obligate endoparasite of honey bees. First described from the Western (European) honey bee Apis mellifera L., this mite species was initially observed when honey bee colonies on the Isle of Wight, UK were dying between 1904 and 1919 (Rennie, 1921). Since then, this mite has been found in Europe, North and South America and parts of Asia, but its global distribution is not well understood. In this chapter, we outline protocols for collecting, detecting, identifying, diagnosing and measuring the infestation rates of A. woodi. We also describe methods to determine the damage threshold, outline several control measures, and describe methods for studying live mites.