Pollination of cardamom in Papua New Guinea

publication date: May 6, 2011
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Journal of Apicultural Research
Vol. 28 (4) pp. 228-237
Date
December 1989
Article Title

Pollination of cardamom in Papua New Guinea

Author(s)

G. N. Stone And P. G. Willmer

Abstract

This study assessed the role of two local wild bee populations (Apis mellifera mellifera L., Apidae, and the solitary bee Amegilla sapiens [Cockerell], Anthophoridae) in the pollination of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton, Zingiberaceae) at two sites in highland Papua New Guinea in September and October 1987. Study of the foraging behaviour of both species indicated that although less abundant than A. m. mellifera, A. sapiens was far more important as a pollinator than its relatively low numbers would suggest. Measurement of flight activity over the day of both species revealed that application of pesticides to cardamom crops should be carried out as late as possible in the day to minimise damage to pollinator populations.

Keywords

Pollination, Cardamon, Apis mellifera mellifera, Amegilla sapiens, Papua New Guinea, Pollen, Nectar

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