Instrumental insemination: adapting the Mackensen plastic tip for use with a glass tip

publication date: Jun 29, 2011
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Bee World Vol.67 (1) 1986 pp. 9-11
Article Title

Instrumental insemination: adapting the Mackensen plastic tip for use with a glass tip

Author(s)

Susan Cobey, Kim Frondk And Harry H. Laidlaw

Abstract

The development of syringe tips

In 1927, Watson produced the first syringes used for instrumental insemination of queen bees. They were made of glass, and each had a permanently attached glass capillary tube with a hand-drawn glass tip which served both for semen collection and semen injection Ten years later, Nolan, using Watson's glass syringe as a model, simplified the syringe design using a modified mechanical pencil and a glass capillary tube 

Keywords Instrumental insemination, Mackensen plastic tip, glass tip
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