A review of methods for discrimination of honey bee populations as applied to European beekeeping

publication date: Jan 1, 2011
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Journal of Apicultural Research
Vol. 50 (1) pp. 51-84
DOI
10.3896/IBRA.1.50.1.06
Date
January 2011
Article Title

A review of methods for discrimination of honey bee populations as applied to European beekeeping

Author(s)

Maria Bouga, Cedric Alaux, Malgorzata Bienkowska, Ralph Büchler, Norman L Carreck, Eliza Cauia, Robert Chlebo, Bjorn Dahle, Raffaele Dall'Olio, Pilar De la Rúa, Ales Gregorc, Evgeniya Ivanova, Aykut Kence, Meral Kence, Nikola Kezic, Hrisula Kiprijanovska, Peter Kozmus, Per Kryger, Yves Le Conte, Marco Lodesani, António Manuel Murilhas, Adrian Siceanu, Gabriele Soland, Aleksandar Uzunov and Jerzy Wilde

Abstract

Here, scientists from 19 European countries, most of them collaborating in Working Group 4: “Diversity and Vitality” of COST Action FA 0803 “Prevention of honey bee COlony LOSSes” (COLOSS), review the methodology applied in each country for discriminating between honey bee populations. Morphometric analyses (classical and geometric) and different molecular markers have been applied. Even if the approach has been similar, however, different methodologies regarding measurements, landmarks or molecular markers may have been used, as well as different statistical procedures. There is therefore the necessity to establish common methods in all countries in order to have results that can be directly compared. This is one of the goals of WG4 of the COLOSS project.

Keywords

honey bee, beekeeping, sub-species, morphometrics, DNA, isoenzymes

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