Composition of freshly harvested Brazilian royal jelly: identification of carbohydrates from the sugar fraction
M S Palma
Samples of Brazilian royal jelly from Africanized Apis mellifera were analysed in order to determine the gross composition: crude moisture ranged from 67.80% to 69.40%, crude protein from 15.80% to 16.70%, crude lipid from 2.90% to 3.98% and total sugars from 11.40% to 11.50%. The sugar fraction was investigated and revealed the presence of the following compounds identified by their retention time during HPLC analysis: ribose, fructose, glucose, sucrose, mannose, trehalose, erythritol, adonitol and mannitol.
Royal jelly, carbohydrates, sugars, proteins, lipids, water content, HPLC, Brazil