Characterization of four typical honeys from highly diverse tropical ecosystems

publication date: Apr 1, 2013
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Journal of Apicultural Research
Vol. 52 (2) pp.24-34
DOI
10.3896/IBRA.1.52.2.05
Date
April 2013
Article Title

Characterization of four typical honeys from highly diverse tropical ecosystems

Author(s)

Angélica Zavala-Olalde, Idalia Colomo-González, Nubia Matalí-Pérez, Lucia Piana, Benoît Olivier, Agustín Méndez-Villarreal and Rémy Vandame

Abstract

Studies characterizing typical honeys are carried out with the goal of establishing standards for marketing. In the case of tropical honeys, few studies exist which allow for establishing a typology and popularizing these honeys, partly because the diversity of tropical ecosystems makes it difficult to obtain typical honeys. We have initiated a search for typical honeys in Mexico and Guatemala, and we evaluate the possibility of characterizing them. The types of honey studied were: campanita or campanilla (Ipomoea purpurea), mantequilla or acahual (complex of Asteraceae), hevea (Hevea brasiliensis), and laurel (Cordia alliodora). We determined the principal physico-chemical and sensory characteristics and validated physico-chemical differences through a multivariate analysis, which demonstrated that the parameters explaining the differences were electrical conductivity, free and total acidity, and pH. We defined the botanical origin of each type of honey by this principal pollen and identified whether it was floral or extrafloral.

Keywords

Honey characterization, melissopalynology, physico-chemical analysis, sensory analysis

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