Carbohydrate composition of two Nepalese honeys produced by Apis laboriosa and Apis cerana
Alice Olek, K. H. Steinkraus, Leonard R. Mattick, Kathleen Muego, Benjamin A. Underwood And Roger A. Morse
A study was made of the chemical composition of two honeys collected in Nepal, one produced by Apis cerana at an altitude of 1200-1500 m, the other by Apis laboriosa at an altitude of 1800 m. The colour grade of the honey produced by A. cerana was extra light amber and that of the A. laboriosa honey dark amber. Other analytical values for A. cerana and A. laboriosa honeys respectively were: nitrogen 0.062 and 0.104%; pH 5.57 and 4.49; total acidity 16.07 and 41 .48 mEq/kg; ash 0.66% and 0.42%. Honey from A. cerana contained 40.25% fructose, 34.01% glucose, 6.14% maltose, 2.51% sucrose and 0'36% higher sugars. Honey from A. laboriosa had 36.05% fructose, 28.65% glucose, 5.71% maltose, 3.34% sucrose and 0.41% higher sugars.