Journal of Apicultural Research
Vol. 25 (4) pp. 209-212
A quantitative method for assessing some aspects of the independence of sampling in behavioural studies of worker honeybees
Steven A. Kolmes And Mark L. Winston
The evenness of behavioural observations of a group of honeybees is indicated by the easily calculable D1 measure (divergence from equiprobability) of information theory. A low D1 measure indicates that the members of a cohort of bees used for collecting behavioural data have been selected without bias. Values of D1 ranging from approximately 2% to 7% of H1max (first-order diversity) are reported for 13 colonies of bees observed using scan sampling in experiments made in the past several years. The interpretation and importance of these results are discussed.
Worker honeybees, bee behaviour, divergence