Ukraine is both an old country and a new country. For a large part of the 20th Century it was subsumed under the gigantic umbrella of the USSR. In 1991, when the Soviet Union dissolved, Ukraine gained its independence. Starting again has not been without its troubles and the country has attracted a great deal of international attention. This year attention of a different sort, from a special group, will focus on Kyiv as bee scientists and beekeepers from all over the world gather for the XLIII Apimondia Congress.