'QUACKING': A SOUND PRODUCED BY WORKER HONEYBEES AFTER EXPOSURE TO CARBON DIOXIDE

publication date: Sep 19, 2012
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Journal of Apicultural Research
Vol. 23 (1) pp. 25-30
DOI
          ___
Date
March 1984
Article Title

'QUACKING': A SOUND PRODUCED BY WORKER HONEYBEES AFTER EXPOSURE TO CARBON DIOXIDE

Author(s)

S S SCHNEIDER AND N E GARY

Abstract

Worker honeybees (Apis melli/era) recovering from CO2 narcotization emitted a distinctive 'quacking' sound consisting of a series of short notes, each possessing multiple harmonics and a fundamental frequency around 400 Hz. Quacking was usually accompanied by a distinctive 'shoving' behaviour. Paired bees 'quacked' more frequently than single bees. The similarity of worker quacking to certain variants of queen piping and worker piping is discussed..

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