Determination of pesticide residues in imported and locally produce honey in Jordan
Jawad Al-Rifai; Nageh Akeel
The presence of residues of the major groups of pesticides (organochlorine, organophosphorous, pyrethroid and nitrogen-containing compounds) in representative samples of locally produced honey, collected from various locations in Jordan, and from imported honey were investigated during 1994-1995. Residue levels of 50 pesticides were determined in 26 samples of honey. Results indicated that most pesticides found in the samples belonged to the organochlorine group. Lower levels of residues of some organophosphates and pyrethroids were also detected. Residues of αHCH, βHCH and lindane were detected in eleven of the samples analysed. Residues of DDT, heptachlor, heptachlorepoxide, dieldrin and aldrin were detected in some of the samples analysed. Residues of fluvalinate were only detected in four honey samples. Residues of amitraz, tetradifon and bromopropylate were not detected in the honey samples analysed.
honey, pesticide residues, organochlorine, organophosphorous, pyrethroids, nitrogen-containing compounds, gas chromatography, Jordan