The first genetically modified (GM) crops and foods are now being grown and marketed in the European Union (EU) and more widespread production is expected over the next decade. Public interest in the food chain has grown considerably in recent years. Consumers are not only demanding a secure supply of safe, affordable, high quality, nutritious food but, are increasingly concerned about the means of production and the effect of that production on the countryside3. Increasing consumer demand for food safety, choice, labelling and traceability is creating new challenges for the beekeeper marketing honey and other bee products from GM crops. In the first article of this series18, I examined the regulatory framework that controls the release and marketing of GM crops in the EU with particular reference to bees. In this article, I examine the regulatory framework that controls the marketing of GM foods in the EU with particular reference to bee products and indicate where further information on these issues can be found.