Respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function tests in beekeepers exposed to biomass smoke inhalation
M Polatli, H M Sönmez, O Cildag
Exposure to smoke caused by biomass combustion has been reported as one of the main causes of chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in non-smokers living in rural villages. Beekeepers use the smoke of plant materials burned in a bee smoker having bellows for the purpose of calming bees. Thus they are exposed to biomass smoke inhalation periodically while controlling bee colonies in Turkey. To investigate whether exposure to smoke is a potential risk factor for obstructive airway disease among beekeepers, an interview was conducted and a pulmonary function test was performed on 34 beekeepers and 25 age-matched control subjects.
beekeeping, biomass, bee smoker, occupational exposure, respiratory symptoms, lung function, chronic bronchitis, human health