Analysis of insecticide residues in honeys from apiary (Apis mellifera) and wild honey bee (Apis dorsata and Apis florea) colonies in India

publication date: Oct 1, 2004
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Journal of Apicultural ResearchVol. 43 (3) pp. 79 - 82
DOI--
DateOctober 2004
 
Article TitleAnalysis of insecticide residues in honeys from apiary (Apis mellifera) and wild honey bee (Apis dorsata and Apis florea) colonies in India
Author(s)M Sarfraz Khan, Beena Kumari, H R Rohilla, H D Kaushik and R K Arora
Abstract36 honey samples collected from colonies of Apis mellifera in apiaries and from combs of the wild honey bees A. dorsata and A. florea were analysed by gas liquid chromatography for insecticide residues. More apiary honeys were contaminated with organochlorines and organophosphates, usually at higher concentrations, than were honeys produced by wild Apis species. The most common contaminants were HCH (hexachlorocyclohexane or benzenehexachloride (BHC), detected in 83.3% of samples), endosulfan (69.4%), aldrin (36.1%) and quinalphos (33.3%). Overall mean residue levels (ppb) in honey from all species and samples combined were: acephate (153.9), aldrin (1.4), chlorpyriphos (6.6), DDT (0.6), dimethoate (7.1), endosulfan (2.5), HCH (84.9), heptachlor (1.3), malathion (15.3), methyl-parathion (2.2) and quinalphos (66.3). Carbaryl (a carbamate group insecticide) was detected in one honey sample each of A. mellifera (901.8 ppb) and A. florea (800.0 ppb). The studies reflect the potential contamination of honey by agricultural chemicals.
Keywordsinsecticides, residues, honey, organochlorines, organophosphates, carbamate, Apis mellifera, Apis dorsata, Apis florea
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