Pollen nutrition and colony development in honey bees: part I
Irene Keller, Peter Fluri and Anton Imdorf
It is commonly believed that instrumentally inseminated honey bee queens initiate oviposition much later than naturally mated queens. APollen is the honey bees’ main source of several important nutrients. Consequently, an adequate pollen supply is essential to ensure the long-term survival of a colony and to maintain its productivity. Part 1 of this 2-part review focuses on the botanical composition of bee-collected pollen and its protein and mineral content. Further, we discuss the impact of pollen on honey bee physiology and assess the pollen requirements of individual workers and larvae.